The two opposite dislocations bones that form a joint, their surfaces are normally covered with a layer of smooth articular cartilage, and the two smooth surfaces are in contact with each other. This normal interface is maintained by many factors, such as joint capsules, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and specific shapes between bones. When these stabilizing factors are exceeded by the external force acting on the joint, the contact surfaces between the joint bones will be deviated from each other, resulting in joint dislocations .
Common dislocation occur in the shoulder, hip and ankle joints. In some intense ball games such as football, the athlete must quickly chase or follow another player. When he follows the opponent suddenly and turns sharply, a huge twisting force is generated on the ankle. If the ankle joint fails to adapt accordingly, this Torsional force can cause the ankle bone to deviate from the axis of the joint, resulting in a dislocation. For more research click here.
Symptoms and Management
Dislocated joints are very painful, swollen, and immobile. If the joint involved is a superficial joint, it can be seen to have an abnormal shape. The most common treatment is to apply hot and cold compresses and reduce activity to rest the injured joint. Doctors often use special techniques to restore dislocated joints after giving narcotics and pain relievers.
The recovered joint often needs some external support, such as bandages or plaster, etc., to be fixed for a period of time. After the inflammation caused by the trauma subsides, the range and intensity of exercise can be gradually restored. For more health tips visit our site ArticlesHubs.
Doing warm-up preparations before exercising, allowing joints to gradually adapt to the pressure of external forces, and trying to avoid sudden and strong impact on joints during exercise can all prevent dislocation.
This article is reviewed by the consultant doctor of this site. May you can see about Common Musculoskeletal Problems – Cast Immobilization for Fractures.