Head injuries are not uncommon in sports, especially in intense contact activities such as boxing, rugby or racing, horse racing, etc. The severity of the injury varies. It can generally be divided into traumatic and internal traumatic head injurie, although sometimes both may occur at the same time.
Types of Head Injuries
Traumatic head injuries can be bruises, abrasions, cuts, etc. Injury to the scalp or facial skin, bleeding and pain are the obvious and main symptoms. First aid is done in much the same way as for trauma to other parts of the body. Head injuries can sometimes damage the eyes, ears, mouth, nose, etc., and special problems that arise from this require special treatment. For more research click here.
Head Injury Internal head injury, in addition to a skull fracture, usually means an internal brain injury. Skull fractures can be open, that is, the skin covering the fracture is split, allowing the fracture to come into contact with the outside world; closed skull fractures, the surface skin is intact, and the subcutaneous tissue may swell due to blood stasis, or collapse down Into the brain parenchyma, forming a depression.
Another type of skull fracture occurs at the base of the skull. There may be no obvious signs in appearance. The injured person will feel fluid flowing out of the nasal cavity and ear canal. This is actually the cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, which seeps through the broken skull base.
A common brain trauma is a concussion . That is, due to the huge impact force, the brain parenchyma vibrates in the skull and is injured. Mild concussions can cause headache , dizziness , nausea, and severe concussions can cause memory loss or a certain degree of amnesia. The most serious brain trauma is an intracerebral hemorrhage. For more health tips visit our site ArticlesHubs.
Because the adult brain case is hard and has no room for expansion, the hematoma formed after hemorrhage compresses the surrounding brain parenchyma, and even causes the intracranial pressure to rise. The injured will have symptoms such as headache, nausea, mental decline, and even coma, which can seriously compress important parts of the brain and cause death.
Therefore, cerebral hemorrhage is a medical emergency for athletes, and must be sent to hospital for treatment immediately. Most of the hematomas in the brain need to be removed by surgery to avoid sequelae that are difficult to recover.
This article is reviewed by the consultant doctor of this site. May you can see about Common Musculoskeletal Problems – Bleeding.