This the article about complete information about oxygen and carbon dioxide . As you know oxygen and carbon dioxide is very important for our life.
Details About Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen (Oxygen / O 2 )
Oxygen is a necessity for human life. It is widespread in the atmosphere. About 20% of the air we live in is oxygen, and in plateau areas and places with severe air pollution, the oxygen content will be lower.
When the human body inhales air, oxygen enters the alveoli in the lungs through breathing, and the thin alveolar membranes in the alveoli contain abundant tiny blood vessels. Since the oxygen content in the alveoli far exceeds the oxygen content in these tiny blood vessels, the oxygen penetrates into the tiny blood vessels along this difference in content, and is then transported to different organs of the body through the heart, especially the brain. For more research click here.
The red blood cells in the blood contain hemoglobin. The function of hemoglobin is to help transport more oxygen to the various organs of the body. People with anemia have reduced levels of red blood cells and hemoglobin, and their ability to transport oxygen is reduced. So even if the oxygen inhaled into the lungs is sufficient, the oxygen reaching the cells of the body may not be enough, resulting in a state of relative hypoxia. This situation is more obvious when exercising. The final stage of oxygen utilization by the body is to help the oxidative decomposition of glucose and other fuels, and thereby generate energy in the form of ATP for various functional activities of cells.
Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 )
Carbon dioxide is a waste product produced by the body’s metabolism. When glucose is gasified and decomposed in the aerobic state, ATP (ie energy) and carbon dioxide and water are produced. Carbon dioxide can then be excreted from the body in two ways.
The first way is quicker. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide dissolves in the blood and is transported from the blood to the alveoli. Since the concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood exceeds the concentration in the air in the alveoli, the carbon dioxide leaks out into the lungs, and is then excreted out of the body with the exhalation movement. Carbon dioxide in a normal person’s body can be quickly and effectively controlled at a certain level by this method.
The second route is slower. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide is transported to the kidneys, enters the cells of the renal tubules, and undergoes hydration with the kidneys, and is converted into bicarbonate, which can be excreted by the kidneys into the urine according to the needs of the body. For more health tips visit our site ArticlesHubs.
Carbon dioxide is a waste product made by the body. If the lungs and respiratory tract diseases are caused by smoking, infection or other reasons, the carbon dioxide cannot be effectively removed and it accumulates in the body. The body will experience flushing skin, rapid pulse, confusion, and even loss of consciousness. perception etc. However, too little carbon dioxide in the body can also lead to uncomfortable symptoms. For example, when a person exhales vigorously and quickly when nervous, the carbon dioxide level in the blood is greatly reduced, and anxiety, sweating, numbness of the lips, Symptoms of tingling in the hands and feet. If you let him relax and take deep breaths slowly, the above symptoms will gradually subside.
This article is reviewed by the consultant doctor of this site. May you can see about Exercise Physiology – Sources of Energy.
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